Baytril, manufactured by Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation, is enrofloxacin. Baytril falls within the Fluoroquinolone class of antimicrobial anti-infective pet medications. A similar class in human baytril dog antibiotic pet meds medications would include the antibiotic Ciprofloxacin (Cipro). Baytril meds and other flouroquinolones were a welcome development in the veterinary field, as they have been proven effective against previously difficult to treat bacteria such as Pseudomona. Baytril is often prescribed by veterinarians to treat a variety of infections in dogs and cats including respiratory, digestive and urinary tract infections. It is also commonly used to treat ear, skin and wound infections as well. Baytril antibiotic is designed to be rapidly absorbed from the digestive tract and can be expected to penetrate into all canine and feline tissues and body fluids, often within two hours, and to be maintained for eight to twelve hours after administration. For dogs and cats, Baytril can be administered orally through enteric coated tablets or palatable taste tabs. The purple, coated tablets are bitter in taste, subsequently, crushing them for administration in the food is not necessarily an effective method of administration. However, most dogs find the taste tab version, also referred to as a flavor tab, a palatable alternative. Dosage requirements will vary accordingly depending upon the individual animal’s needs. Ear infections often require higher dosages for longer periods of time to clear the infection. An injectable solution given as a subcutaneous injection under the skin is also available for dogs only.
Baytril Medication Side Effects and Drug Interactions
As with most pet medication, there are some possible side effects with baytril. In dogs, rare, but potential side effects include, but are not limited to, gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea or vomiting, elevated liver enzymes, seizures, depression and nervousness are also possible. Fluoroquinolones, such as baytril, can facilitate seizure activity in animals already prone to seizures and their usage should be limited accordingly. Also, due to potential joint and cartilage damage, it is often advised that Baytril should not be used in the younger canine during their rapid growth phase, approximately 2 to 8 months in small to medium dogs, 2 to 12 months in larger dogs and 2 to 18 months in giant breeds. Potential joint issues during the developmental stages of young felines does not
appear to be as much of problem for cats as it is for dogs. However, there are other similar potential side effects for cats too, including vomiting, diarrhea, elevated liver enzymes, seizures and depression. Other potential side effects in cats include lethargy, vocalization, aggression and vision loss. In rare cases, the use of Baytril in cats has been reported to adversely effect the retina sometimes leading to vision impairment, even blindness. According to the Bayer corporation, they are taking a number of actions to investigate this issue, including involving a board of veterinary ophthalmologists. They also advise that Baytril injectable solution injections not be given to cats.
It is important to remember that the majority of pet medications available today all have potential side effects and possible drug interaction complications. Some of these side effects and drug interactions can be very serious, even deadly. All situations are unique, and you should visit thoroughly with your veterinarian regarding all potential side effects and issues and how they might pertain to your specific pet before administering or deciding to use any pet medication. And please remember, pet meds are not for people, they are for pets and animals only. As a matter of fact baytril has toxic properties for humans. When handling Baytril and other meds, individuals should avoid contact with the eyes and wash their hands when done. Always keep all meds out of the reach of children.